(1) Biopolymer and Derivatives
Head of Programme : Assoc. Prof. Dr. H'ng Paik San
This Program seeks new technology for converting lignocellulosic materials into biopolymers and biochemicals and other derivatives. Research includes biodegradable plastics from phytomass, bioadhesives from tree barks, biocoating, cellulose modification etc.
Polymers play a central role both in the natural world and in modern industrial economies. Some natural polymers, such as nucleic acids and proteins, carry and manipulate essential biological information, while other polymers such as the polysaccharides—nature’s family of sugars-provide fuel for cell activity and serve as structural elements in living systems. With advances in chemistry and materials science, a vast array of novel synthetic polymers have introduced over the past century. Synthetic polymers such as nylon, polyethylene, and polyurethane have transformed daily life. From automobile components to packaging, compact discs to clothing, and food additives to medicine, manmade polymers pervade virtually every aspect of modern society. However, the growing reliance on synthetic polymers has raised a number of environmental and human health concerns. Most plastic materials, for instance, are not biodegradable and are derived from non-renewable resources. The very properties of durability and strength that make these materials so useful also ensure their persistence in the environment and complicate their disposal. In addition, the synthesis of some polymeric materials involves the use of toxic compounds or the generation of toxic by products. These problems have increased attention on polymers that are derived from biological precursors or are produced by using the methods of modern biotechnology. Such biopolymers may prove to have a variety of environmental benefits. Possible applications range from agriculturally or bacterially derived thermoplastics that are truly biodegradable, to novel medical materials that are biocompatible, to water treatment compounds that prevent mineral build up and corrosion. Looking at biopolymers area diverse and versatile classes of materials that have potential applications in virtually all sectors of the economy, this program aims to develop such research areas include synthesis and characterization of biopolymers and derivatives from natural resources such as modification of lignocelluloses; development of new products and application; adhesive chemistry and technology; surface coating and adhesion mechanism.
(2) Pulp and Paper & Pollution Control
Head of Programme : Dr. Ainun Zuriyati Mohamed @ Asa'ari
This program focuses on economical approach of biopulping and biobleaching processes particularly for non-woody materials and agrofibres. Research on chemical modification of these fibres is also conducted. Development of specialty paper products, enhancement of linerboard using environmental friendly technologies. Characterization of fibres from various resources is also undertaken. Study on pollution control for pulp and paper, biorefinery process, waste minimization, fuel recovery, toxicity management and waste water treatment are also included.
Manufacturing of pulp and paper products from wood and other fiber sources is an important industry in current world. It depends on research, design, and management of a wide range of both organic and inorganic chemical processes in complex and integrated systems. As the industry strives to innovate and maintain its competitiveness, there is a need to have programs which contribute to the industry demands. There is an urge to develop a program that impact on the national demands and standards. Paper making and pulp sourcing has to be backed by a renowned, up to the mark and unparalleled research centre, at least one if not more. INTROP is aiming to be an excellent centre on pulp and paper technology in Malaysia, to study pulp and paper science, engineering and continues to provide instruction in the multidisciplinary application of engineering sciences to the varied and complex operations of the forest products industry.
Updated:: 01/02/2017 [sakinatul]
Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 UPM Serdang
Selangor Darul Ehsan